Sorghum is the broad term used for an entire genus of grasses. While there are more than 30 different species of sorghum, only one is species sorghum bicolor is fit for human consumption, while the others are primarily used as fodder. Sorghum is primarily used in the production of sorghum molasses, sorghum syrup, and as a grain. It is widely considered the fifth most important cereal crop in the world. The versatility of sorghum, combined with the fact that people with gluten sensitivity can also consume it makes it extremely important as a staple crop in the world. Below are discussed the health-promoting properties that sorghum can provide us in our diet.
1. Rich in Calories and Macronutrients
Each quarter-cup of dry grains contains 163 calories, this provides approximately 8 percent of your calorie intake of for the day. Sorghum is very rich in carbohydrates and fiber, and protein. Because of its fiber content, sorghum promotes digestive health, and combined with other healthy diet fights cardiovascular disease and aids in blood sugar control.
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2. Benefits Metabolism
Consuming sorghum is beneficial to health, thanks to its magnesium and copper content. Magnesium maintains healthy bone, tissue and regulates the body's calcium levels, while copper boosts the immune system and promotes red blood development. Both minerals also play a role in the metabolism and help cells to produce useable energy. Also sorghum in the diet also helps to consume iron and niacin, or vitamin B-3. They are elemental for the metabolism -- iron aids in fuel production, and niacin helps to break down and metabolize nutrients into energy. Niacin and iron also support healthy circulation, and iron plays a role in immune function.
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- Improves Digestive Health
Sorghum is one of the best foods for dietary fiber since a single serving of sorghum contains 48% of your daily-recommended intake of dietary fiber. Thus it helps the digestive tract to be functioning optimally and preventing things like cramping, bloating, constipation, stomachaches, excess gas, and diarrhea. Further, fiber in the body helps to scrape off dangerous cholesterol (LDL), which helps to improve heart health and protect the body from conditions like atherosclerosis, heart attacks, and strokes. Since it also slows and reduces carbohydrate digestion and absorption, it helps with blood sugar control in people with diabetes.
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- Anti Cancer
The bran layer of the sorghum grains contains important antioxidants that are not found in many other types of food. These antioxidants help to reduce the risk of developing various types of cancer, including esophageal cancer.
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- Anti Diabetes
Tannin-rich bran of sorghum actually has enzymes that inhibit the absorption of starch by the body that helps to regulate the insulin and glucose levels in the body. Uninhibited break down of carbohydrates into simple sugars can misbalance the glucose levels in the body, leading to diabetes, or causing complications for those people who already suffer from this. However, tannin helps to avoid diabetic shock and other health complications.
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- Prevents Celiac Disease
Celiac disease is a severe allergy to gluten, a type of protein, which is primarily found in grains like wheat, oats, barley or rye. Celiac causes painful inflammation, nausea, and gastrointestinal damage, which fortunately can be avoided by alternative grains, such as sorghum.
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7. Diverse Culinary Application
Sorghum have diverse application in terms of how it can be consumed making it an easy to replace with and easy to eat grain. Its flour can be used in place of wheat flour for gluten-free baking or whole sorghum grains soaked in water can be used instead of other grains in recipes. It can be combined with the chopped veggies, fresh herbs in lemon-juice vinaigrette for a hearty salad or in ladle stir-fries or stews.
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As mentioned sorghum can be easily included in the diet for healthier and gluten free food as compared to other grains. It also has numerous benefits especially related to metabolic activities of the body.