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Alopecia areata is a type of hair loss that occurs when your immune system mistakenly attacks hair follicles. Alopecia is the medical term for baldness; there are various types of alopecia, including alopecia areata. In some cases, total baldness develops. In many cases, the hair re-grows, typically after several months. In the majority of cases, hair falls out in small patches around the size of a quarter. For most people, the hair loss is nothing more than a few patches, though in some cases it can be more extreme.
Symptoms of alopecia areata
The most prominent symptom of alopecia areata is patchy hair loss. Coin-sized patches of hair begin to fall out, mainly from the scalp. The typical pattern is for one or more bald patches to appear on the scalp. These tend to be round in shape and about the size of a large coin. You may first notice clumps of hair on your pillow or in the shower. However, other types of diseases can also cause hair to fall out in a similar pattern. Hair loss is usually the only symptom. A few people may also feel a burning sensation or itching.
Causes of alopecia areata
The condition occurs when white blood cells attack the cells in hair follicles, causing them to shrink and dramatically slow down hair production. Alopecia areata is an autoimmune disease. Normally the immune system protects the body against infection and disease. In an autoimmune disease, the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks some part of your own body. Normally, the immune system defends your body against foreign invaders, such as viruses and bacteria. If you have alopecia areata, however, your immune system mistakenly attacks your hair follicles. Hair follicle is which hair grows. . A person's genetic makeup, combined with other factors, triggers this form of hair loss.
Forms of alopecia include:
- Alopecia areata --patches of hair loss
- Alopecia totalis -- complete loss of scalp hair
- Alopecia universalis -- total loss of all body hair
Home treatment for alopecia areata
- Essential oil- Some natural effective oils like oil of rosemary, cedar wood, thyme, and lavender help a lot to promote the growth of hair.
- Erase stress from your brain- The sufferer should not put him/her in worries or stress as it can increase the effect of alopecia areata. So it is suggested to minimize your stress if you are really interested to get cure from alopecia areata. Stress is the main reason for alopecia areata.
- Onion juice- Onion juice is best home remedy for alopecia areata. The sufferer can also prefer one of the best remedy available naturally, which is none other than onion juice. 90% of people get rid of alopecia areata. For this treatment just take one onion and grind it and make juice and rub directly on scalp and massage for few minutes, after 30 minutes or keep it overnight and in mourning rinse off with lukewarm water. It is best organic remedy to get rid of alopecia areata.
- Green Tea: Dipping a cloth into green tea and wiping or dabbing the bare patches of your scalp can be very effective as a remedy for Alopecia areata. Consuming daily green tea is great for alopecia areata.
- Fenugreek: Studies have shown that fenugreek has certain hormone stimulating components that actually help to rebuild hair follicles that have been destroyed or damaged through the condition of Alopecia. You can take fenugreek in all form like vegetables, seeds, tablet s and capsules.
- Aloe Vera: This plant is highly stimulating in nature and dramatically increases circulation of the blood to any area of the body, but is particularly effective in terms of promoting scalp development and recovery. Just take fresh aloe Vera and rub on scalp it is very beneficial for hair follicles.
- Coconut Milk: By applying coconut milk mixed with a gram of flour to the scalp, you can guarantee a quick recovery of your lost hair. Using coconut oil is more beneficial for alopecia areata.