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Diabetes mellitus or diabetes as it is commonly known is a disease in which the body has high levels of blood sugar. Diabetes is a long term condition which if not treated and taken care if can prove to be fatal. The body basically depends on sugar or glucose for its energy needs. This is one of the main reasons why the body needs to maintain a balanced level of sugar or blood glucose in the body. When we eat food, the carbohydrates are converted to glucose and absorbed by the blood stream. If there is an increase in the level of sugar in the blood, the pancreas is signaled to release insulin which is a hormone that tells the cells to sponge up or absorb the glucose. If the body does not produce insulin, the glucose keeps floating in the blood stream and the cells needing it are not able to absorb the required amount of glucose. Diabetes occurs when the body is unable to produce insulin or when the body produces less than the required quantity of insulin.
Type- 1 diabetes occurs when the body is unable to produce insulin. Patients who suffer from type- 1 diabetes need to take insulin injections and medication for their entire life. In addition, these patients need to follow a strict diet and keep their sugar levels in check with regular tests. Type- 1 diabetes is not a very common condition and only about 10% of diabetes patients are said to suffer from this type of diabetes. There is no known cure for type -1 diabetes.
Type -2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes and 90% of diabetes patients suffer from this type of diabetes. Type -2 diabetes occurs when the body does not produce enough insulin or when the cells stop responding to insulin. Type -2 diabetes is a progressive disease and if not taken care of will finally develop into type- 1 diabetes. Type- 2 diabetes can be prevented. Patients with this type of diabetes can improve their lifestyle and take anti-diabetes medications to keep their sugar levels in control.
How can diabetes be prevented?
Type 2 diabetes can be prevented by simply changing the lifestyle, controlling the weight and taking a healthy balanced diet. The following are a few ways in which type 2 diabetes can be prevented.
Thus, a small change in the lifestyle and diet can make a huge difference and prevent diabetes and several complications associated with it.
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