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The literal meaning of the word pigmentation is coloring. The skin gets its color from melanin which is produced by special cells in the body called melanocytes. Apart from this, there are about 150 genes that affect the color of the skin and so nothing much can be done about natural pigmentation. On the other hand, the melanin production maybe affected in the body. The awry production of melanin does result in pigmentation which is a skin disorder. In pigmentation, dark patches or spots appear on the skin making the skin tone look uneven. Pigmentation as a skin disorder may even make the skin look very unhealthy and if not treated and taken care of can result in severe skin disorders.
Types of pigmentation
The skin disorder usually has two forms:
What causes pigmentation?
Though the basic factor underlying pigmentation is the melanin level, there are some other factors as well that may cause pigmentation. Internal biological factors like hormonal changes, changes in endothelial cells and pregnancy are common causes of skin pigmentation. External factors like ultraviolet rays of the sun, burning, contact with certain chemicals, stress and dietary imbalance are likely to cause skin pigmentation.
Skin pigmentation disorders and avoiding them
There are a few skin pigmentation disorders that are very common and must be avoided and treated using natural remedies. Natural remedies are the best means to avoid skin pigmentation disorders as these do not have any adverse side effects on either the skin or the health.
Apart from these, skin care products that help treat skin pigmentation can also be used. Facial treatments with products rich in vitamins A and C also help in treating the problem of skin pigmentation. Using sunscreens can also help avoiding skin pigmentation as these protect the skin from the harmful ultraviolet rays of the sun.
A word of caution
Albinism is an inherited skin pigmentation disorder which occurs due to the absence of melanin. This problem can occur on the face, eyes or the hair. There is no known cure for this problem. It has been proven that no home remedy or conventional medicine works for this skin pigmentation disorder.
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