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Vitamins are a group of 13 chemical compounds which are needed in limited amount by the body but is a vital nutrient without which the body fails to work metabolically. Deficiency of these vitamins leads to various diseases. In today's hectic life where there isn't enough time to cook and eat proper food, the necessary intake of vitamins is being withheld. Thus the need for dietary supplements especially vitamin supplements has become a stark reality. This also brings to light the necessity to describe which vitamins are needed, why they are needed, in what quantity are they needed and so on. This article acts as a one stop solution for all your vitamin supplement related queries.
Types of Vitamins:
These vitamins are lipid soluble or fat soluble and are thus stored in fat cells(adipocytes).They include vitamins (A,D,E and K). Thus you usually don't become deficient in these vitamins but are more prone to have excess or toxic overcapacity of these vitamins.
All other vitamins which are not fat soluble are water soluble. These vitamins are absorbed into the water present in blood and easily circulates into cells. They need to be replenished more often through a balanced diet or vitamin supplements and can also be tolerated by the body in larger quantities without being toxic.
It is best known for its help in maintaining our vision but this vitamin also plays a crucial role in blood cell synthesis, bone regeneration .
Chemical Name: Retinol, retinal and four betacarotenes
Recommended dietary allowances(RAD): 900micrograms
Deficiency Disease: The different deficiency diseases include night blindness, hyperkeratosis and also keratomalacia. All of them are different diseases of the eye.
It helps maintain healthy skin , muscles and brain.
Chemical Name: Thiamine
Recommended dietary allowances(RAD): 1.2milligram
Deficiency Disease: The most common disease is Beri Beri.
It is involved in the absorption of iron into the blood via the intestines.
Chemical Name: Riboflavin
Recommended dietary allowances(RAD): 1.3 milligram
Deficiency Disease: Angular stomatitis is a deficiency disease seen in case of deficiency of vitamin B2.
It plays the most important role with regards to health of skin, hair, nervous system and eyes
Chemical Name: Niacin
Recommended dietary allowances(RAD): 16 milligram
Deficiency Disease: Pellagra is caused by vitamin B3 deficiency.
It is involved in RBC synthesis, production of steroid hormones.
Chemical Name: Panthothenic acid
Recommended dietary allowances(RAD): 5 milligram
Deficiency Disease: Paresthesia is seen as a disease here.
It plays an important role in the production of the hormone serotonin which plays a vital role in sleep, appetite and also mood.
Chemical Name: Pyridoxine
Recommended dietary allowances(RAD): 1.3-1.7 milligram
Deficiency Disease: Anemia as well as peripheral neuropathy is seen as a disorder in this case.
Chemical Name: Biotin
Recommended dietary allowances(RAD): 30 micrograms
Deficiency Disease: Dermatitis is a disorder seen here
Chemical Name: Folic Acid
Recommended dietary allowances(RAD): 400 micrograms
Deficiency Disease: Anemia is prevalent in these patients.
It helps the metabolism of amino acids as well as fatty acids.
Chemical Name: Cyanocobalamin
Recommended dietary allowances(RAD): 2.4 micrograms
Deficiency Disease: Again anemia is a leading disease seen here
It plays a major role in wound repair and synthesis of the protein collagen.
Chemical Name: Ascorbic Acid
Recommended dietary allowances(RAD): 90 milligrams
Deficiency Disease: Scurvy is a common disease.
It is said to have multiple roles which include functions related to the immune system.
Chemical Name: Ergocalciferol
Recommended dietary allowances(RAD): 10 micrograms
Deficiency Disease: Bone defect known as Rickets is seen.
It is an antioxidant and plays a vital role in battling and cleansing the body of free radicals.
Chemical Name: Tocopherols
Recommended dietary allowances(RAD):15 milligrams
Deficiency Disease: It is usually never deficient but if found so it seen to cause sterility problems in males and abortions I the case of females.
It is essential with regards to wound healing.
Chemical Name: Phylloquinone
Recommended dietary allowances(RAD): 120 micrograms
Deficiency Disease: Bleeding diathesis is a common disease in case of deficiency of vitamin K.
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